Looking over your shoulder for the better part of two-and-a-half millennia, waiting for the other shoe to drop, is probably not the best way to cope with Mother Nature. But, that’s exactly what the tiny village of Civita di Bagnoregio has been doing since the innovative Etruscans discovered a rocky peak far from the madding crowd – where only eagles dare – and decided to call it home.

Surviving more than 2,500 years of wind and erosion, this tightly knit community struggles to ward off the “Grim Reaper” as it sits, strikingly, atop a pinnacle of brittle volcanic tuff that overlooks the Tiber River Valley in the province of Viterbo in the Lazio Region of Central Italy.  Not surprising, Civita is referred to by Italians as il paese che muore (the dying town).

Admired for its architecture, Civita is in constant danger of total collapse as its edges slowly erode and fall off, leaving the buildings built on the plateau to crumble. Scratching their heads, geologists have led the way in efforts to shore up the village with steel rods to prevent further decay.

Of all the Italian hilltop towns, Civita is quite impressive on a very small scale and billed as uno dei borghi piu belli d’Italia (one of the prettiest villages of Italy). Lesser known than more popular – and safe – medieval hill towns and cities, Civita is one of the finest examples of a true step-back-in-time as the modern age just looked the other way and simply passed it by.

Its relative isolation has actually helped Civita survive for as long as it has.

Lying off the beaten path has kept the still-standing structures pretty much in tact, but, if left unregulated, the increase in foot traffic from squads of curious day-trippers – like myself – could actually send Civita over the edge, literally.  As a matter of fact, in 2006 the World Monuments Fund placed the village on its 100 Most Endangered Sites list, citing the constant threat from erosion and unregulated tourism.

This town on life support owes its unaltered condition simply to its topography. Because of its precarious situation, Civita, just like a slow death, has watched its population dwindle down to a select few: about 12 residents in winter and a “booming” summer population of just over 100.

Teetering on the brink of extinction from its perch high above the river valley below, Civita used to be connected to its bigger and busier sister town of Bagnoregio. That all changed when the earth bordering the two communities wore away, leaving a deep, vast canyon to traverse.  A footbridge that spans the great divide is the only reason the “dying city” still has a pulse. Today, provisions are brought up on foot, scooters, pony tractors, and even a donkey or two.

Along with its topography, architecture and storybook charm, Civita is the birthplace of its most famous son, St. Bonaventure, the 13th century Franciscan friar and noted theologian-philosopher. His home is long gone – eroded away, no doubt – but the basic layout of Civita survives, with a church as its centerpiece in the small main square, Piazza del Duomo. Ownership of this house of worship has switched hands over the centuries: an Etruscan temple, then a Roman temple and, finally, the Catholic Chiesa di San Donato.

Despite the ever-present death knell underneath the masonry, Civita remains transfixed in several bygone eras. There are no lists of local events or attractions, organized orientation tours, museum operating hours or even a billboard to draw attention.

An artist’s and photographer’s dream come true, the town is a living snapshot or portrait of the Etruscan, Roman and the Medieval eras. Each step along the cobblestone paths holds a surprise.

  

Turn the corner and you’re hit by ivy draped walls and arches; potted flowers dotting balconies, porches and window sills; and, the ever-changing color of the stone walls and houses as daylight glides across this nativity scene-like village.


Civita di Bagnoregio, one of the Bel Paese’s prettiest, but most fragile, hilltop villages. If not already noted, this “endangered species” should be placed high on your travel bucket list, if not in the prestigious number-one position as it rightly deserves.

But, don’t wait too long. The days of il paese che muore are numbered. It’s just a matter of time.

©The Palladian Traveler

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©Tom Palladio Images

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Written by The Palladian Traveler

Tom traded his hometown St. Louis Cardinals' baseball cap in the United States for a Borsalino and he now hangs his "capello" in the Puglia region of southeastern Italy. A veteran print and broadcast journalist, with well-worn passports that have got him into and out of 49 countries and counting, Tom fell in love with the "Bel Paese" years ago. As he notes, "I'm inspired by the beauty I find in all things that are very, very old, and reliving history, or at least meandering along cobblestone streets that were laid down over a thousand years ago and just looking up and marveling at what occupies the space still today, really gets my 'Vespa' running." Tom has a good eye behind the lens and is a graphic storyteller, but he'll let you decide as he keeps his camera batteries fully charged and the posts flowing from his creative hideaway in the hills overlooking Ostuni. You can also follow his dispatches along the cobblestone via TravelingBoy.com.

21 comments

  1. incredible story of a very interesting, er… exciting? site! And the way you blog about, completely professional. Definitely belongs to a magazine. You should get paid composing this. 😀

    I love where they put their pans, utensils, plates and other cooking tools.

    1. Rommel – Glad you enjoyed my “professional” post. About those utensils, that was a cavern used back in the day to house farming/gardening implements. The current owner of the property charged a euro to take a look around the gardens. Don’t know how old some of that stuff is. Modern day folks on the hill use knives, forks and spoons. Just saying…

  2. I have visited here before and I really love this little town. I rave about it to others ALL the time and hope to go back someday. In fact, I was going to blog about the first olive press there and the delicious bruschetta I ate there 🙂

    1. G-Chic – Glad you enjoyed my take on this picturesque berg. Quite impressive. About that olive press, that’s some piece of machinery. Don’t let my post steal your thunder; be my guest and post about the press and the delicious bruschetta.

  3. Tom – Thank you for posting this. I look at the pictures and can’t believe I was lucky enough to have been there. That, and being in St. Peter’s Square at night are my two most favorite memories. Thanks again. Jackie

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